Fasting Blood Sugar

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Test Name:

Fasting Blood Sugar Level or more accurately referred to as fasting blood glucose level.

Diseases /Conditions :

Diabetes Mellitus type 1 and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Used in both diagnosis and monitoring of treatment.

Sample:

Whole Blood – Finger prick, venipuncture

Test Type:

Point of Care, Home Testing

Equipment:

Glucometer, Lancing device, Finger Pricks, Alcohol Swabs

Procedure:

  • Sanitise finger with alcohol soaked swab and air dry
  • Insert test strip into glucometer and wait for flashing blood drop icon
  • Prick finger with lancing device
  • Touch tip of test strip downwards on the drop of blood on the finger.
  • Read the results displayed on the glucometer screen

Reference Range in Standard units (SI) and metric units.

In Kenya, we have adopted the WHO diagnostic criteria for diabetes. Only fasting plasma glucose and 2 hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) tests are applicable in making the diagnosis.

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