HIV Testing In Kenya

The Red Ribbon symbol for fight against HIVAIDS

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that causes AIDS( Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). HIV infection is quite widespread on Kenya, with a national prevalence of 4.1% among adults.

HIV testing is based on the guidelines issued by NASCOP.

Test Name

 HIV antibody test



Test Type

Antibody Test

Test Category

Point of Care Testing /Home Testing / Rapid Diagnostic Test.

Test Principle

Detection of antibodies against HIV virus in blood.


  • Whole blood for healthcare settings
  • Saliva for home testing.

Test Preparation / Instructions

  • Adequate counseling
  • Confirm test kits integrity and expiry Dates

Test Procedure

  • Sterilise finger tip with alcohol swab
  • Prick the finger tip 
  • Apply one drop of blood into the test cassette well.
  • Add one drop of supplied buffer.
  • Wait for 5 min and read results


A red line forms for the control and another if test is positive

Note: Positive result must be confirmed with another different test.

Reference Range

  • Reported as either Positive or Negative